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Element: pan


The pan and elevation elements allow placing of sound in a 3-D space relative to the listener. Both are expressed in degrees ranging from -180 to 180. For pan, 0 is straight ahead, -90 is hard left, 90 is hard right, and -180 and 180 are directly behind the listener.

Derived By

Type rotation-degrees

  • The value must be greater than or equal to -180.

  • The value must be less than or equal to 180.

Referenced By
      <midi-instrument id="P1-I1">


See midi-instrument


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