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Element: percussion


The percussion element is used to define percussion pictogram symbols. Definitions for these symbols can be found in Kurt Stone's "Music Notation in the Twentieth Century" on pages 206-212 and 223. Some values are added to these based on how usage has evolved in the 30 years since Stone's book was published.

Derived By

Type percussion

Name  Type  Required?  Default  Description 
default-x  tenths  No 
default-y  tenths  No 
relative-x  tenths  No 
relative-y  tenths  No 
font-family  comma-separated-text  No 
font-style  font-style  No 
font-size  font-size  No 
font-weight  font-weight  No 
color  color  No 
halign  left-center-right  No 
valign  valign  No  The valign attribute is used to indicate vertical alignment to the top, middle, bottom, or baseline of the text or image. Defaults are implementation-dependent.
enclosure  enclosure-shape  No 
Content Model

Contains elements as defined in the following table.

Component  Type  Occurs  Default  Description 
beater  beater  1..1 

The beater type represents pictograms for beaters, mallets, and sticks that do not have different materials represented in the pictogram.

effect  effect  1..1 

The effect type represents pictograms for sound effect percussion instruments. The cannon value is in addition to Stone's list.

glass  glass  1..1 

membrane  membrane  1..1 

The membrane type represents pictograms for membrane percussion instruments. The goblet drum value is in addition to Stone's list.

metal  metal  1..1 

The metal type represents pictograms for metal percussion instruments. The hi-hat value refers to a pictogram like Stone's high-hat cymbals but without the long vertical line at the bottom.

other-percussion  xs:string  1..1 
pitched  pitched  1..1 

The pitched type represents pictograms for pitched percussion instruments. The chimes and tubular chimes values distinguish the single-line and double-line versions of the pictogram. The mallet value is in addition to Stone's list.

stick  stick  1..1 

The stick type represents pictograms where the material of the stick, mallet, or beater is included.

stick-location  stick-location  1..1 
timpani  empty  1..1 

wood  wood  1..1 

The wood type represents pictograms for wood percussion instruments. The maraca and maracas values distinguish the one- and two-maraca versions of the pictogram. The vibraslap and castanets values are in addition to Stone's list.

Referenced By

      <direction directive="yes" placement="above">
          <percussion default-y="32" font-size="24" halign="left" relative-x="32">
            <metal>tam tam</metal>



See direction-type


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